Archives de l’auteur : abouzard

CONFÉRENCE DE RADHIKA SINGHA – Vendredi 13 mai 2016 à 17h

Habituality in crime

Preventive policing in colonial India 1871-1924

Discutants :

Daniela Berti (CNRS – Centre d’Études Himalayennes)

Fabien Provost (Université Paris Ouest)

Vendredi 13 mai 2016 de 17h à 18h30

Amphithéâtre Claude Lévi-Strauss Collège de France – Site Cardinal Lemoine 52 rue du Cardinal Lemoine Paris 5e

La conférence aura lieu en anglais.

Pour prolonger cette conférence, un repas convivial aura lieu (à la charge des participants) au Restaurant Kathmandu 22 Rue des Boulangers, 75005 Paris

Inscription obligatoire pour le dîner (avant le 7 mai 2016)

INSCRIPTION

Abstract

This talk examines the laws, paperwork and protocols of colonial preventive’ policing. In the reconstruction of rule after the 1857 rebellion in India, a dual but intersecting pathway emerged for dealing with those suspected of habituality in crime: the bad livelihood provisions of the Criminal Procedure code and the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871. The first involved a judicial proceeding, not a trial for a specific offence. On the basis of evidence of ‘general repute or otherwise a magistrate could demand ‘security for good behaviour’. Failure to provide this security, could result in jail terms ranging from a year to three years and long term liability thereafter to police surveillance. Under the Criminal Tribes Act there was no reference to the courts at all. To bring a particular community or a section of it under the operation of the Criminal Tribes Act a provincial government had to declare that its members persisted in non-bailable crimes .This resulted in a regime of roll-calls, surveillance and forced restriction to a locality. In contrast therefore to the English Habitual Offender Act (1869) and the Prevention of Crime Act (1871) which focussed mainly on the ex- convict, these provisions created an immensely more flexible and wide-ranging field for police surveillance.

‘Habituality’ in crime became the subject of debate and discussion in India at the same time that the figure of the recidivist began to dominate anxieties about crime in Britain and and Europe. I have suggested that similarities and comparisons should be drawn, not by focusing on the Criminal Tribes Act alone, but by examining the construction of habituality in the general law as well and in the institutional context of the jail. Yet I conclude by suggesting that in the aftermath of World War one it was indeed the Criminal Tribes Settlement, which along with borstals for juveniles, allowed the colonial regime to claim a treatment- oriented dimension for its police and penal regime and to place itself in the current of international discussions about penal reform.

Pour tout renseignement : provost.fabien [at] gmail.com

Autour de David Picherit et Raphaël Voix

Le JEUDI 26 NOVEMBRE 2015 à 19H, venez rencontrer David Picherit et Raphaël Voix, tous deux chargés de recherche au CNRS et anciens membres de l’association.

Autour d’un pot et d’un diner, ils reviendront sur les étapes qui ont modelé leurs parcours de jeunes chercheurs. De leurs premiers terrains à leurs dernières lubies, ils partageront les réussites, les difficultés mais aussi les doutes et joies qui les accompagnèrent au cours de leur formation. L’interaction se veut informelle et décontractée. Continuer la lecture

15ème séminaire de l’AJEI: Appel à communications

L’AJEI (Association des Jeunes Etudes Indiennes) lance un appel à communications pour son 15ème séminaire annuel intitulé:

« Justice et injustices dans le monde indien« 

Dans une perspective interdisciplinaire, il s’agit d’approcher les notions de justice et d’injustice en abordant la manière dont elles sont mobilisées par une diversité d’acteurs et de s’interroger sur leurs différentes dimensions (sociale, économique, politique et spatiale) à travers une analyse de l’évolution des représentations, des valeurs, des normes, des pratiques mais également des dispositifs institutionnels. Il convient alors de se demander dans quelle mesure ces notions  traduisent, mais également contribuent à recomposer, les rapports de pouvoir ainsi que la notion de droit et de citoyenneté dans le monde indien.

Ce séminaire aura lieu le 15 Janvier 2016 à l’Université Paris-Ouest Nanterre la Défense.

Les propositions de contributions (2000 signes max) sont à envoyer avant le 27 novembre 2015 à l’adresse suivante:  lola-sales@live.fr.

L’Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes (AJEI) regroupe des étudiants de différents champs disciplinaires des sciences humaines et sociales, du niveau mastère au niveau postdoctoral, ayant pour aire de recherche l’Asie du Sud. Elle organise chaque année un séminaire en France et des ateliers en Inde, rassemblant jeunes chercheurs et chercheurs confirmés, pour discuter des travaux présentés.

N’hésitez pas à nous contacter pour toutes informations complémentaires.

Lola Salès – Doctorante en Géographie

Université Paris Ouest – Nanterre la Défense

Laboratoire Mosaïques, UMR 7218 LAVUE

Télécharger l’appel a communications AJEI Justice et injustices dans le monde indien

Newsletter N°1 – Edito

Namaste! Bonjour! Vanakam! Hello!

Here is the very first issue of the newsletter of the Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes (AJEI). The new board, elected about two weeks ago, is now in place and preparing its activities for 2015-2016.

  • Mathilde Bedel – Board Member
  • Floriane Bolazzi – Vice-President India
  • Adrien Bouzard – President
  • Soraya Hamache – Board Member
  • Nithya Joseph – Board Member
  • Arnaud Kaba – Treasurer
  • Sébastien Michiels – Board Member
  • Fabien Provost – Secretary
  • Julie Rocton – Board Member

Our main objective for the AJEI during this period is to strengthen our Franco-Indian network of young scholars thanks to some work on our communication tools – reworking our website, creating a brand new newsletter and updating the « guide for young scholars » – and thanks to a new energy injected into our usual events – our « Autour de » will take place as before, in addition to linguistic workshops and to a yearly convivial gathering somewhere around Paris-.

Another important objective for us will be to insist on the active participation of our members. Indeed, we invite all AJEI members to imagine, talk about, suggest, prepare and organize activities, whether in France or in India, whether in Paris, Delhi, Toulouse, Marseille, Mumbai, etc. Our events in France often occur in Paris despite a few editions of the yearly seminar in Aix-en-Provence or Toulouse. Similarly, our activities in India are limited to our yearly workshop. Therefore, we hereby call for initiatives, for projects to be launched in various places, which could further contribute to the professional socialization of both Indian and French students who work on South Asia. For this purpose, such initiatives would benefit from the technical and financial support of the AJEI.

As previously, the stress will be put on our yearly seminar in France and workshop in India. On Friday, January 15th 2016, our one-day seminar will be organized by Lola Salès (Mosaïques, University of Paris West Nanterre) at the University of Paris West Nanterre. The theme of this seminar will be “Justice and Injustices in the Indian sub-continent.” The call for papers is now available (see below) and open up to November 27th. The yearly workshop for young scholars will be organized by Floriane Bolazzi (CESSMA, University of Paris VII-Diderot), Nithya Joseph (CEIAS, EHESS), Soraya Hamache (CEMMC, University of Bordeaux-Montaigne) and Sébastien Michiels (GREThA, University of Bordeaux IV-Montesquieu). After several editions in North India, the 2016 edition of our workshop will take place in Bangalore.

We are aware that lately, it’s not proved all the easier to subscribe as a member, or to renew your subscription through our Paypal account. This Paypal solution has given atrocious headaches to our accountant, as it is not possible to send us money without a Paypal account. We are currently working on a solution to put these problems behind us. In order to subscribe or renew your subscription to the AJEI, you can use the Paypal solution (if you have a Paypal account) or send us a check at the following postal address. In any case, follow the procedure indicated on our website: [http://ajei.hypotheses.org/adhesion].

Best regards,
The new AJEI board

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